Activities

The development of transportation in 1975-1987. Some details and figures.

image "Meghri-Kajaran" The railway network of the republic was expanded. The Sevan-Shorzha-Zod, Masis-Nurnus and Ijevan Hrazdan railways were put into operation.

The 122km long Sevan-Shorzha-Zod railway served for transportation of gold ore from Sevan to Ararat, thus preserving Sevan's ecological system.

Masis-Nurnus (65 km) was used for transportation of industrial products to the southern regions of Armenia. This railway includes the Nor Hajn's 124m high single-span bridge which was unique in the USSR.

The main lines of the railway system had been running close to the border of the country, which wasn't relevant from strategic perspective. The construction of the inland Ijevan-Hrazdan railway (89 km) solved this problem.

Ijevan Hrazdan and Ijevan Aghstafa were part of a large scale plan of development of the railway system that had to ensure the national security by connecting Armenia with Iran and Russia (and from there further to other countries) via the Transcaucasian railway.

image The "Zvartnots" airport. New roads of total 1300km length were constructed. "Nowdays the share of hard surface roads in Armenia is one of the highest in the USSR and the density of the roads with improved surface per squre km is more than 150km which exceeds the average soviet for multiple times." (From K. Demirchyan's speach at the Meghri-Kajaran road opening ceremony).

All the remote and mountain villages were connected with each other and regional centers by 2-4 km long roads.

The most notable from the strategic standpoint is the 48km long Meghri-Lichk-Kajaran road (built in 1975-1980): the road connects the inland with the outer world via Iran. One may literally say, that during the first years of blockade this was Amenia's road of life.

12 airports were constructed and reconstructed during the years 1975-1988. Most of them were built in frontier areas: Meghri, Goris, Karabakh, Sisia, Stepanavan, Berd.

image The plan of Yerevan subway. In 1982 the "Zvartnots" airport opened to public. The "Erebuni" airport in Yervan and the airport in Gyumri meeting the new standards were reconstructed. It was due to its reconstruction that Gyumri airport became capable of accomodating international cargo aircrafts in the days following the earthquake in 1988.

In 1986 there were 30 active airlines in Armenia.

In 1981 the Yervan subway with its 5 stations was put into operation. Three more stations were opened during the following years: "Gortsaranayin" (1983), "Shengavit" (1986), "Garegin Nzhdeh" (1987). "Zoravar Andranik" station was opened in 1989. It was planned to accomplish construction works in 2005. According to the plan the subway had to have 36 stations and 47km total length of lines.